Always friendly but also decorative and efficient in terms of heating, fireplaces have evolved a lot in recent years. In addition to the various systems of wood fireplaces, there are now gas and even bioethanol fireplaces. Here are 7 types of fireplaces to choose according to your needs and lifestyle.
The open fireplace: convivial
If for you, a fireplace is used to provide a gentle warmth around the fireplace, a good smell of burnt wood and to grill, then the open fireplace is for you. But be aware that these traditional fireplaces consume a lot of wood and that above all, their energy efficiency is only 10 to 15%, most of the calories escaping through the flue. Open fireplaces are not considered a means of heating. They are therefore not eligible for the tax credit.
The insert fireplace: adaptable
Inside a traditional fireplace, if it is of standard size, you can install an insert. It will then become eligible for the tax credit. The operating principle of the insert is based on air vents located at the base of the box. The air thus heats up on contact with the hot walls.
The closed hearth: economical
The closed fireplace is the ideal solution for those who, in addition to seeking the pleasure of fire, are concerned with saving energy. The fireplace is connected to the chimney flue while the cladding is installed at the end, which gives flexibility in terms of design. The window can be left open to enjoy the pleasure of fire. But once closed, the heat output is very high and sometimes exceeds 80%. Many models are thus eligible for the tax credit. In addition, the closed hearth is safe (the glass avoiding ember projections, the fire can be left unattended) and it consumes little wood.
The water fireplace: for the whole house
The water fireplace is a particularly ingenious closed fireplace. The fireplace is connected to the central heating of the house. By burning, the wood heats the central heating water, thus heating the whole house, without consuming more wood. The energy efficiency of this system is around 75%. When you stop burning wood, the boiler takes over automatically. These homes are eligible for the tax credit.
The extended fire fireplace: mixed use
The chimney with wood stove and prolonged fire works either in stove mode or in mixed mode. The open hearth makes it possible to make a good chimney fire. Then when desired, we open a hatch to lower the embers into a space at the bottom of the fireplace. The fireplace becomes a stove. The embers heat the air which is distributed in the room by a hot air outlet, for an efficiency of more than 80%.
The gas fireplace: practical and stylish
Storing wood and disposing of ash is sometimes a problem, especially in the city. However, you can equip yourself with a gas fireplace that runs on propane or natural gas. In a sealed closed hearth, it is a real heater. In open fire, it offers a nice cozy fire. The gas fireplace is automatic and lights up using a remote control. The temperature can be regulated to the nearest degree. The connection in closed hearth and easy to set up. It is odorless and generates no ash. However, it is impossible to roast chestnuts there. And she is not eligible for the tax credit.
The bio-ethanol fireplace: easy and design
The bio-ethanol fireplace has a big advantage: it does not need a flue. It works with bio-ethanol, an organic alcohol made from beets, cereals or green waste. Recently arrived on the market, these fireplaces are available in many contemporary designs. They can be hung on the wall, placed on the floor or even - in small format - on a table. Upon purchase, they are ready to use. Just fill the bio-ethanol tank and ignite it. If it heats up well, it is only a backup heater, the fuel being quite expensive (around 70 cents per hour of combustion at full power). Please note that a certain number of safety rules must be observed when using it (installation in a large ventilated room, do not wait until the fuel has cooled before relighting, etc.). Like the gas fireplace, if this system dispenses with chores of wood, ash and sweeping, there is no question of grilling there. And no tax credit either.
Significant tax credits
Until December 31, 2009, you can benefit from a tax credit of 50% when purchasing a closed fireplace, an insert or a stove. The device must refer to the French or European standard in force and therefore offer an energy efficiency greater than or equal to 65% and reject less than 0.8% of carbon monoxide, as is the case with devices labeled Flame green.