A front door is the first decorative element that welcomes you into a house. But how do you choose the right size, the right material, the right color, the right safety? Small round of the question to make the good choice.
Wood is a safe bet. If exotic woods (tauari, moabi, movingui ...) are increasingly used for their robustness and their aesthetic qualities, oak (from € 600) remains the noble material par excellence. Its grain is unequaled and it is very durable. However, it is less resistant to the aggressions of the climate. Tight budgets will prefer fir (from 59 euros), ready to stain or paint. Wooden doors are the most elegant. They offer incomparable relief and natural warmth but are restrictive in terms of maintenance. A coat of stain or paint should be ironed on average every five to ten years depending on the exposure.
The advantage of metal is that it can withstand bad weather and attack in general and does not require maintenance. Steel is often used by manufacturers for standard doors (from 85 euros). The choice in terms of colors and models is limited. But it is resistant, fire-resistant and requires little maintenance. Aluminum (from 700 €), more upscale, is modern and design. It does not rust. Less solid than steel, it is less secure. It is a material with little insulation. It is therefore better to choose a door with "thermal break". There are composite doors, aluminum on the outside for resistance and wooden inside for the warmth.
Fiberglass (or composite) door
Fiberglass (from 1,000 euros) is very resistant to shocks and bad weather, rotproof and insulates very well from the cold. In addition, she talks with a sponge. It is less elegant than wood but nevertheless imitates it very well.
An entry door is rarely made of 100% glass. It is generally combined with wood or metal. The glass doors are very decorative and bring light to the interior of the house. With burglar-resistant glass (3 levels of security) and double or triple glazing, they are difficult to break and well insulating. But beware of fingerprints.
Finally PVC (from 500 euros) adapts to many architectural styles but it is less noble and allows less varied moldings than wood. It has very good mechanical performance and thermal insulation. To avoid deformation over time, the ideal is to choose a door with metal reinforcements. It resists well to climatic aggressions but it is sensitive to fire and break-ins (when it is not reinforced). It does not require any maintenance.
75% of burglars go through the front door. A burglary lasts less than 10 minutes and burglars rarely insist more than 3 minutes in front of a resisting door. The primary function of an entry door is therefore security. Installing a burglar-resistant lock is the first thing to do. There are several levels of classification according to the resistance time of the lock (A2P1: 5 minutes, A2P2: 10 minutes, A2P3: 15 minutes). The safest solution is to buy an armored door block. It is about a door of which the leaf and the frame (part sealed in the masonry) are joined to form only one element. Disadvantage: door blocks cannot be made to measure. In renovations, you can also arm an existing door by screwing on a steel sheet or a metal frame, to which are added anti-clamp angles and reinforced hinges.
What about fire doors?
Fire doors are often chosen as entry doors because they are designed to resist flames and prevent their spread to the rest of the house. They are also a good thermal and acoustic insulator because of their thickness. There are two types of fire doors: 30 minute or one hour resistance. The fire door must be approved as such by an insurer at the time of purchase.