Resistant and easy to maintain, parquet is installed today in all rooms of the house. This living material improves over time. But the choice of a parquet requires knowing a minimum of elements concerning the different existing types, installation and maintenance. Parquet arouses a real craze compared to other floor coverings. Indeed, its aesthetics create a natural decor on the ground, it is resistant to wear, lasts a long time and its maintenance is simple. Parquet refers to any wooden or wood-based floor covering whose wear layer (or facing) is at least 2.5 mm thick. Laminate floors are therefore not considered parquet. The choice of parquet must take into account the type of parquet (laminated or solid), the essence of the wood, the type of laying (nailed, floating or glued), the arrangement of the planks (straight, diagonal, etc.), but also the use - intensive or not - of the room to be floored.
Wood and hardness
Wood species are classified from A to D, from the most flexible to the most resistant. Class A: alder, spruce, Scots pine, fir Class B: birch, bump, chestnut, larch, cherry, walnut, maritime pine, sipo, teak Class C: afromosia, angelica, hornbeam, oak, maple, eucalyptus, ash, beech , iroko, makoré, moabi, movingui, elm Class C: cabreuva, doussié, ipé, jatoba, merbau, wenge. Species over 4.5 mm thick adapt to any room.
Composed of 100% of a single species of wood, this is the traditional parquet as found in old dwellings. Strongly competed by the laminate, it is nevertheless distinguished by its resistance and its lifespan. With a blade thickness of 23 mm minimum, it responds to all uses, even the most intensive. The solid parquet is either nailed, laid on joists (rectangular wooden panels spaced 60 cm apart) or glued. You should know that the installation of solid parquet raises the floor much more than the installation of laminated parquet. Solid parquet is generally laid in the rough. It is therefore necessary to apply a finish (vitreous varnish or oil).
The laminated parquet
This is the most requested type of parquet. It is differentiated by its three layers of thickness. The first is the wear layer of at least 2.5 mm in the chosen wood species. It is the visible layer. Below is a layer of high density chipboard. The last layer, the counter-facing, is made of unrolled wood to bring stability to the whole. The engineered parquet can be nailed on joists, glued or floating. It allows for original and aesthetic designs. As the blades are often treated, oiled or vitrified in the factory, there is generally no need for finishing. Good to know: - The trend is for exotic woods like teak. Take care of its ecological certification! It is also with wide blades and previously aged in order to reproduce at home the old, knotty and open soils. - Be careful during installation! Must be added to the invoice and to the deadline all the additional operations necessary for a good installation of the parquet floor: leveling of the ground to make it plan, possibly installation of synthetic underlay, connection to the plinths and the doors, particular cuts.